Some very random and preliminary associations about the word "rock" in the Bible.
I think we should remember the OT associations when thinking about Peter, the Rock.
Jesus transformed the old Kingdom of Israel from a geo-political reality into a set of spiritual relationships. He builds on an entirely new kind of rock--first Peter, then the apostles, then "living stones."
- "Rock" = sela
- crag, cliff, rock, mountain
- hiding places
- foundation of fortresses
- water from the rock
- honey from the rock
- Bees apparently do nest in the rock faces of cliffs in the Holy Land.
- where birds nest
- mountains, high places
- foundation of the Temple
- stone rejected by the builders
- NAB, Psalm 118:22, footnote: "The stone the builders rejected: a proverb: what is insignificant to human beings has become great through divine election. The 'stone' may originally have meant the foundation stone or capstone of the Temple. The New Testament interpreted the verse as referring to the death and resurrection of Christ (Mt 21:42; Acts 4:11; cf. Is 28:16 and Rom 9:33; 1 Pt 2:7)."
- "You are Rock."
- Petros--Greek translation of "Cephas."
- Peter--English transliteration of "Petros." We have kept the sound of the word, but not its meaning, and so the pun is lost on us. If we had imitated the action of Matthew, we would call Simon "Rock." Instead, we have kept the letters and given up the meaning.
- Jesus is the stone rejected by the builders
- apostles as foundation of the New Jerusalem
- "living stones"