The Roman Calendar
Days of the Week
# Hebrew Name Pagan Name Pagan God 1st Yom rishon Sunday Sun 2nd Yom sheyni Monday Moon 3rd Yom slishi Tuesday Tiw (God of war) 4th Yom revi'i Wednesday Woden 5th Yom khamishi Thursday Thor 6th Yom shishi Friday Frige, goddess of love 7th Yom shabbat (day of rest) Saturday Saturn, father of Zeus
- Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months totalling 304 days, winter being considered a monthless period. Around 713 BC, the semi-mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year (354 days). Although March was originally the first month in the old Roman Calendar, January became the first month of the calendar year under either Numa or the Decemvirs about 450 BC (Roman writers differ). In contrast, specific years pertaining to dates were identified by naming two consuls, who entered office on May 1 and March 15 until 153 BC, when they began to enter office on January 1.
# Name Meaning 1 January Janus, God of the doorway (doorway to the year) 2 February Purification ("spring cleaning") 3 March Mars 4 April "Opening," hence "Spring"? 5 May Maia, Goddess of fertility; or elders (?) 6 June Juno; or juniors (?) 7 July Julius Caesar 8 August Augustus Caesar 9 September Seventh month 10 October Eighth month 11 November Ninth Month 12 December Tenth Month
Ab Urbe Condita
- Ab urbe condita (related with Anno Urbis Conditae: AUC or a.u.c. or a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC. AUC is a year-numbering system used by some ancient Roman historians to identify particular Roman years. Renaissance editors sometimes added AUC to Roman manuscripts they published, giving the false impression that the Romans usually numbered their years using the AUC system. In fact, modern historians use AUC much more frequently than the Romans themselves did. The dominant method of identifying Roman years in Roman times was to name the two consuls who held office that year. The regnal year of the emperor was also used to identify years, especially in the Byzantine Empire after 537 AD when Justinian required its use.
Denny the Dwarf
- Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Small, Dennis the Dwarf, Dennis the Little or Dennis the Short, meaning humble) (c. 470 – c. 544) was a 6th-century monk born in Scythia Minor, modern Dobruja shared by Romania and Bulgaria. He was a member of the Scythian monks community concentrated in Tomis, the major city of Scythia Minor. Dionysius is best known as the "inventor" of the Anno Domini (AD) era, which is used to number the years of both the Gregorian calendar and the (Christianized) Julian calendar.