Types of Psalms

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Gunkel et al.
Hymns of praise (JBC)
Psalm 8 Psalm 19 Psalm 29 Psalm 33
Psalm 46-48 Psalm 65 Psalm 66 Psalm 68?
Psalm 76 Psalm 77??? Psalm 84 Psalm 87
Psalm 93 Psalm 95-99 Psalm 104 Psalm 111
Psalm 113-114 Psalm 117 Psalm 122 Psalm 129
Psalm 134-136 Psalm 139 Psalm 145-150
Songs of Zion (all hymns of praise, too)
Psalm 46
Psalm 47
Psalm 76
Psalm 84
Psalm 87
Psalm 122
Songs Adonai's enthronement (all hymns of praise, too)
According to the JBC, the image of God being enthroned as King may be historical, eschatological, or liturgical.
Psalm 47
Psalm 93
Psalm 97
Psalm 99
Psalm 95?
Psalm 96?
Psalm 98?
Psalm 100?
Laments
Psalm 3 Psalm 4 Psalm 5 Psalm 6
Psalm 7 Psalm 10 Psalm 14 Psalm 17
Psalm 22 Psalm 25 Psalm 26 Psalm 27
Psalm 28 Psalm 35 Psalm 36 Psalm 38
Psalm 39 Psalm 40 Psalm 42 Psalm 43
Psalm 51 Psalm 52 Psalm 54 Psalm 55
Psalm 56 Psalm 57 Psalm 58 Psalm 59
Psalm 61 Psalm 63 Psalm 64 Psalm 69
Psalm 70 Psalm 71 Psalm 77 Psalm 86
Psalm 88 Psalm 102 Psalm 109 Psalm 120
Psalm 140 Psalm 141 Psalm 142 Psalm 143
Thanksgiving
Psalm
Royal Psalms
Psalm
Wisdom Psalms
Psalm
Liturgical Psalms
Psalm
Historical Psalms
Psalm
Torah Psalms
Psalm 1
Psalm 19
Psalm 119


Songs of ascent.
Psalm 120-134.
Penitential Psalms
These seven psalms were identified during the seventh century AD as "suitable to express repentance" (NAB, Ps 6).
Hallel
Psalms 113-118: Used for praise and thanksgiving by observant Jews on Jewish holidays.
Psalms 146-150: "Daily Hallel." Introduced by "Ashrei," a prayer that includes all of Psalm 145.
Alphabetical structure--Acrostic Psalms
Psalm 9: 2 verses for each of the 22 Hebrew consonants
Psalm 10: 2 verses each
Psalm 25: 1 verse each
Psalm 34: 1 verse each
Psalm 37: 2 verses each
Psalm 111: ½ verse each
Psalm 112: ½ verse each
Psalm 119: 8 verses each
Psalm 145: 1 verse each
Psalms with imprecation against enemies
From the standpoint of the New Covenant, God's enemies--and ours--are no longer any nation or ethnic group, but sin in all of its forms. Our enemies are the spiritual antagonists from the world, our own flesh, and the devil who tempt us to pride, greed, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth, and every other form of disobedience to the law of love. We may pray wholeheartedly against these spiritual enemies, but love all of God's children who, like us, were the object of God's mercy in the death and resurrection of God the Son.
Psalms 53, 83, and 109 are not included in the Breviary ordinarily used by priests and laity.


Duplicate Psalms

Problems of rolling, unrolling a scroll?

Copied from one scroll to another?

Different collections?

Different liturgies?

53 & 14
70 & 40:13-17
108 & 57:7-11/60:5-12 -- One Psalm made up of two others.