Tools for Scripture Study

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Introduction to the Scriptures

Online Lectures


Felix Just, SJ
"Old Testament Statistics - New American Bible."
"New Testament Statistics."


Bible Researcher, "Fonts"

Bible Researcher, "Hebrew Unicode"

Bible Researcher, "Greek Unicode"


IFAOGrec Unicode is a font for Greek and Coptic, developed and sponsored by the Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (IFAO). Includes many special characters for papyrology.

SBL Unicode Fonts

SBL Educational Resources

Greek keyboard layouts

Configuring Windows 10

Setting up the Windows 10 Greek Polytonic Keyboard is a little bit tricky.

1. Add Greek to the "Preferred languages" list.
Add Greek to preferred languages.png
2. Click on Greek to bring up "Options."
Greek options.png
3. Click on "Add a keyboard."
Add polytonic keyboard.png
4. Select Greek Polytonic from the list.
5. Use mouse or [Windows key + space] to select the desired keyboard from the keyboards menu.
Active keyboard options.png
6. Now the keyboard will function as advertised in the next section.

Links for Greek keyboard layouts

Mixing right-to-left Unicode and English

- "Why words are shuffled when I insert English words in any Arabic/Urdu/Persian text on Notepad or MS Word?"
  • HTML:
<p dir="rtl">...</p>
<div dir="rtl">...</div>
Wikipedia, "Bi-directional text."
The "embedding" directional formatting characters are the classical Unicode method of explicit formatting, and as of Unicode 6.3, are being discouraged in favor of "isolates". An "embedding" signals that a piece of text is to be treated as directionally distinct. The text within the scope of the embedding formatting characters is not independent of the surrounding text. Also, characters within an embedding can affect the ordering of characters outside. Unicode 6.3 recognized that directional embeddings usually have too strong an effect on their surroundings and are thus unnecessarily difficult to use.
  • Right to Left Mark : U+200F.
  • Left to Right Embedding: U+202A.
  • Pop Directional Formatting: U+202C.
The "isolate" directional formatting characters signal that a piece of text is to be treated as directionally isolated from its surroundings. As of Unicode 6.3, these are the formatting characters that are being encouraged in new documents – once target platforms are known to support them. These formatting characters were introduced after it became apparent that directional embeddings usually have too strong an effect on their surroundings and are thus unnecessarily difficult to use. Unlike the legacy 'embedding' directional formatting characters, 'isolate' characters have no effect on the ordering of the text outside their scope. Isolates can be nested, and may be placed within embeddings and overrides.
  • Left-to-right isolate: U+2066
  • Right-to-left isolate: U+2067
  • First strong isolate: U+2068
  • Pop directional isolate: U+2069

transposing into Unicode

- converts SPIonic, among other ASCII Greek systems



There is a font conversion BW font to Unicode font contained in the BW8 Help file, chapter 59. The macros are also included in unimacros.txt in the main BibleWorks program directory. You will have to copy the text of macros, then open the Word Macro editor and paste the macros into the Word Macro editor. Then run the macros.

This is the best solution I've found so far. It was written by John Kendall and posted to the Bibleworks Forum.


Game plan

  • Turn off Smart Quotes to make sure that the accents turn out well.
  • Run the macro on the latest manuscript. It transcodes the characters and turns them red.
  • Search for all red characters and replace them with the "automatic" font color. Standard replace procedure: make the replacement or else go on to the next instance of a string of red characters.